SCHWARTZ, DELMORE (1913–1966), U.S. poet, author, and critic. Born in Brooklyn, Schwartz was a member during the 1930s and 1940s of the literary-political group centered in the magazines Partisan Review (of which he was editor, 1943–55) and Commentary. In 1938 he won fame overnight with his first book, In Dreams Begin Responsibilities. This combined 35 lyric poems of "experiment and imitation" with other writings, including the short story which gave the book its title. His other works include two volumes of short stories, The World is a Wedding (1948) and Successful Love and Other Stories (1961); a verse-play, Shenandoah (1941); and a collection of lyrics, Vaudeville for a Princess (1950). Existence for Schwartz was fraught with terror, frustration, agony, and disappointment, and to him the Jew symbolized alienation. His deep vein of pessimism was expressed by a character in The World is a Wedding, who says, "You can't fool me, the world is a funeral." Schwartz found his most profound drama in the East European Jewish dream of America as the land of golden streets, freedom, and boundless opportunity. In his long, ambitious prose poem, Genesis (1943), which discussed the American Jew's self-preservation, as well as in various short stories, Schwartz described with biblical grandeur the immigrant's dream of the New World, his early struggles, his successes and failures, his marriages and children, the conflict between parents and children, the pressures of World War I, the ensuing boom, and the depression of the 1930s. During the years 1940–47, Schwartz taught at Harvard and Princeton universities. Schwartz appears as the eponymous protagonist of Saul Bellow's Humboldt's Gift (1975). -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Atlas, Delmore Schwartz: The Life of an American Poet (1977); R. Phillips (ed.), Letters of Delmore Schwartz: Selected and Edited (1984); E. Pollet (ed.), Portrait of Delmore: Journals and Notes of Delmore Schwartz, 19391959 (1986). (Maurice Zolotow)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Schwartz, Delmore — born Dec. 8, 1913, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died July 11, 1966, New York, N.Y. U.S. poet, short story writer, and critic. He taught at Harvard and other schools and was an editor of Partisan Review (1943–55). His works include In Dreams Begin… …   Universalium

  • Schwartz, Delmore — (1913 66)    American poet, author and critic. He was born in Brooklyn. He became a member of the literary political group centred on the journals Partisan Review and Commentary. From 1940 to 1947 he taught at Harvard and Princeton universities.… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Schwartz, Delmore — (8 dic. 1913, Brooklyn, N.Y., EE.UU.–11 jul. 1966, Nueva York, N.Y.). Poeta, cuentista y crítico estadounidense. Hizo clases en Harvard y en otras universidades y fue editor de la revista Partisan Review (1943–55). Entre sus obras se destacan In… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Schwartz, Delmore —    см. Шварц, Делмор …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Delmore Schwartz — Born December 8, 1913(1913 12 08) Brooklyn, New York, United States Died July 11, 1966(1966 07 11) New York City, New York Occupation Poet …   Wikipedia

  • Delmore Schwartz — (* 8. Dezember 1913 in Brooklyn, New York; † 11. Juli 1966) war ein US amerikanischer Dichter. Seine erstes veröffentlichtes Werk war die 1937 erschienene Kurzgeschichte In Dreams Begin Responsibilities. Diese und andere Kurzgeschichten und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Delmore Schwartz — (8 décembre 1913 11 juillet 1966) était un poète américain originaire de Brooklyn, New York. Son œuvre majeure est In Dreams begin Responsibilities. Mentor de Lou Reed qui lui dédia la chanson European Son, Schwartz sombre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schwartz — Schwạrtz,   1) [ʃwɔːts], Delmore, amerikanischer Schriftsteller und Kritiker, * New York 8. 12. 1913, ✝ ebenda 11. 7. 1966; gehörte 1943 55 zu den Herausgebern der »Partisan Review«, übte großen intellektuellen Einfluss auf seine Zeitgenossen,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Schwartz — Relative Häufigkeit des Familiennamens Schwartz in Deutschland (Stand: Mai 2010) Schwartz ist ein Familienname. Er ist eine Nebenform von Schwarz. Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schwartz — /shwawrts/, n. Delmore /del mawr, mohr/, 1913 1966, U.S. poet, short story writer, and critic. * * * …   Universalium